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Turning Point Scotland v Perry - Dismissal of claim is not needed before expenses/costs can be sought [2012] EAT

The simple withdrawal of a claim can be a "determination" for the purposes of a costs/expenses order under Rule 38 of the The Employment Tribunal (Constitution and Rules of Procedure) Regulations 2004 - a formal dismissal is not a pre-requisite to seeking such an order.

Mrs Perry, who had legal representation, presented an ET1 claiming arrears of pay and other payments. The issue in the case was what hours could be counted and renumerated for when she worked sleep-over shifts, and whether, depending on that question, she had been paid less than the National Minimum Wage. Such was the vague nature of the claims that, aside from putting forward a straightforward denial of the claim, Turning Point Scotland (TPS) (i) sought further details of the basis of the claim and (ii) applied immediately for expenses on the grounds that the claim was brought vexatiously, unreasonably and was misconceived. Although the claim was eventually clarified to some extent, a promised schedule of loss never actually materialised.

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